Changing tires: how it works | How is it done?


For safe driving in all seasons, it is an absolute must – changing tires. It is one of the maintenance and repair jobs on the car that you can easily do yourself. And by the way, you can save money by changing tires at home. What you have to pay attention to and how it works – as well as many other helpful tips and information can be found here. Ready? Then it starts immediately!

Changing tires – That’s why it’s important

Your tires are the only connection between your car and the road. Good tires ensure:

  • more driving comfort
  • optimized braking and acceleration behavior
  • good cornering
  • lower fuel consumption
  • and improved security.

In order for your tires to perform at their best, they must be of good quality and properly maintained. But even the best care and the highest quality brand are useless if you don’t change the tires regularly. That means:

  • Tires change according to summer and winter seasons
  • Tire replacement based on the age and condition of the tires.
Good to know: The rule of thumb is “O to O” – from October to Easter (or the other way around). So put on winter tires in October and summer tires at Easter. However, there are no legal regulations as to when the tires are to be changed. Section 2 (3a) of the Road Traffic Regulations states that winter tires must be used on black ice, hard snow, slush, icy roads and hoar frost – this can be the case as early as October. In a very warm winter, however, it may well be that the road conditions do not require winter tires until the end of November or even December.
Your tires are damaged? Then you should change the tires as soon as possible!

Changing tires yourself – these are the advantages

With a bit of muscle power and the right tools, you can easily change your tires yourself. The advantages of do-it-yourself are obvious:

  • You save a lot of money – especially when it comes to changing tires on several vehicles!
  • Furthermore save You take your time and are flexible.
    • When changing tires, there are strong seasonal peak times.
    • It can happen that you have to wait several weeks for an appointment at a workshop.

However, it is not always the better choice if you change the tires yourself. In the following cases, you should rather go to a workshop to change tires:

  • Although changing a tire is one of the simplest car repairs, you still need a little manual skill and, above all, muscle power – so if you doubt If so, it’s best to leave the work to a professional.
  • Do the tires also have to balanced you have to go to a workshop for it.
    • Incidentally, balancing the wheels is necessary if your steering wheel wobbles at higher speeds or if the tire wear is uneven.
  • Does your car have one direct tire pressure monitoring system installed, you should only change the tires yourself if you have the appropriate know-how.
Good to know: A distinction is made between indirect and direct tire pressure monitoring systems. With the latter, the sensors in the tires send the status of the tire pressure to a central control unit via a radio unit. After a tire change, this system must first be recalibrated. How does the indirect tire pressure monitoring system work? You can find out with just one click!

Of course, changing tires in the workshop also entails additional costs – which ones? We’ll tell you now!

Changing tires in the workshop – that’s what the service costs

Are you curious what you save by doing wheel cross swinging at home? We have listed the costs of a tire change for three common wheel types for you here. Of course, the costs are also influenced by other factors – such as:

  • workshop choice
    • authorized workshop?
    • Free workshop?
  • scope of service
    • With balancing?
    • With storage of the old tires?
    • Simple wheel change or new rims?
  • tire type
    • Runflat tires?
    • Tires with tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS)?
  • wheel size

If you take all these factors into account, the following costs arise for a complete tire change in the workshop:

Tire change with / without TPMS Tires 14 inches Tires 15-17 inches Tires SUV from 18 inches
Without TPMS about 60 € around €70-80 about 115 €
With TPMS about 100 € about 115 € about 145 €
tire change_costs
Changing a tire on an SUV – higher prices are to be expected due to the tire size.

Tip: Whether at home or in the workshop – you should always change winter or summer tires at the same time change all four tires. If the tire change is out of order because the front and rear tires have worn very differently or a tire has blown, then you should always replace the tyres axle by axle To deceive.

Of course, if you decide to change the tires yourself, you also need to know how to do it. That’s why we have a guide for you. Are you ready? Then it’s time to change the tire!

Tools for changing tires – you need that

The many advantages of changing tires yourself speak for themselves and after all, you can still change the tires yourself on many cars. That’s why we’ll start right away and tell you which tools you need:

Tip: Do you also change the tires on your partner’s, child’s or parents’ car? Then it is definitely worth buying an impact wrench.

Changing tires – step-by-step instructions

Before you can really get started, there is one small step: you must first secure your car against rolling away. How it works? Very easily:

  • Put the handbrake on and put it in 1st gear.
  • at automatic-Vehicles you put the Lever on “P”.

Your car can no longer roll away? Very well! Then you can now remove your old tires.

Change tires – remove the old tires

loose while the wheel nuts and bolts beautiful a block far, before You jack up the car.

  1. Once you loosen the screws, you can do that Raise vehicle to assembly height.
Pro tip: There is a perfect jacking spot for every car. You can find out where to put the jack on your car in the vehicle manual. If you don’t have a jack at home, it might be worth visiting a rental workshop where you can even rent a space for a lifting platform!

Important: Safety first! Therefore always secure the raised car with jackstands before you start work!

  1. loose the nuts and bolts well completely and remove the wheel.
  2. Before mounting the new wheel, it is worth the wheel contact surface to to clean and the brake discs and -toppings to check.

At this point you should also check the wheel nuts and bolts for damage and rust. If these are already too worn or rusted, we recommend that you either get new ones or, if possible, remove the rust.

Pro tip: If you notice signs of wear on the brakes, you should think about changing the brakes. You can find out what you have to consider when you click on the previous link!
tires removed? Then the brakes are exposed and you should check them at the same time.
Tip: In order to slow down tire wear, you should rotate tires: The tires that were on the last year front axle were, come on the rear axle and vice versa. In this way, the tires are worn down more evenly. exception: If the tires already have different tread depths, use the one with the deeper tread on the rear axle.

Change tires – mount the new tires

Have you followed all of the previous steps? Then you can already mount the new tires. However, you should first check whether the tires are not damaged are and also adequate tire profile of at least 1.6 mm.

  1. Put on the new wheel and pull the wheel nuts with the wheel cross hand tight.

Important: If your tires directional are (recognizable by a small arrow on the tire), you must also correct running direction note during assembly!

  1. sink the car so far downthat the tire touches the ground again.
  2. Now you can wheel nuts crosswise with the right torque (according to the manufacturer’s instructions) attract.

Tip: If you store the old tires, mark them with the appropriate abbreviations, VR, VL and HR and HL (front right, front left, etc.), so that next year you will still know which tire has to be on which axle!

For even more professional tips, we have a video for you – the most common mistakes that occur when changing tires:

Have you now changed all your tires? Then the first trip after the tire change should be to the gas station to check the tire pressure. And don’t forget to tighten the wheels again after about 50 km!

After the tire change comes the care

Well-maintained tires mean improved safety. And your safety and that of other road users always comes first. You can do the following things for your tires:

  1. control your tires regularlyto detect damage in good time.

Hitting the curb or driving over a sharp object is enough and your tires can be damaged. If you recognize at least one of the following things, you must replace the affected tire as soon as possible:

  • cracks or cuts in the rubber
  • protruding rubber scraps
  • missing tire pieces
  • bumps and irregularities on the tire
  • Too little tread depth
wheel change
Low tire profile can quickly become dangerous – so better change the tires!
  1. Drive carefullyaround tire wear to prevent
  2. Always pull seasonal tires on your car.
  3. Pay attention to that age and the tread depthand replace your tires accordingly.
Tip: Our winter check provides even more information on tread depth, tire age and what you need to bear in mind with winter tires in particular. Just click the link to get there!

Changing a wheel for the new season is one of the simple car repairs that you can easily do yourself. You save money, remain flexible in terms of time and can let your screwdriver mood run free.

But now we want to know: Are you one of those people who delay changing tires as much as possible? Or are you always early? Do you change the tires yourself or do you prefer to go to the workshop for this? And if you have a special tire change story you’d like to share with the community, bring it on – we’re very curious!


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